Configure the public files folder

All the files that should be accessible by the browser must be in a root-level folder called public.

Follow these instructions to configure the public folder for the following frameworks.


For Eleventy, you should do one of the following:

  • Add the --output=public flag in the Eleventy build commands, for example:

    npx @11ty/eleventy --input=path/to/sourcefiles --output=public

  • Add the following to your .eleventy.js file:

    // .eleventy.js
    module.exports = function(eleventyConfig) {
      return {
        dir: {
          output: "public"


By default, Astro uses the public folder to store static assets. For GitLab Pages, rename that folder to a collision-free alternative first:

  1. In your project directory, run:

    mv public static
  2. Add the following to your astro.config.mjs. This code informs Astro about our folder name remapping:

    // astro.config.mjs
    import { defineConfig } from 'astro/config';
    export default defineConfig({
      // GitLab Pages requires exposed files to be located in a folder called "public".
      // So we're instructing Astro to put the static build output in a folder of that name.
      outDir: 'public',
      // The folder name Astro uses for static files (`public`) is already reserved
      // for the build output. So in deviation from the defaults we're using a folder
      // called `static` instead.
      publicDir: 'static',


GitLab Pages supports only static sites. For SvelteKit, you can use adapter-static.

When using adapter-static, add the following to your svelte.config.js:

// svelte.config.js
import adapter from '@sveltejs/adapter-static';

export default {
  kit: {
    adapter: adapter({
      pages: 'public'


GitLab Pages supports only static sites. For Next.js, you can use Next’s Static HTML export functionality.

Use the -o public flag after next export as the build command, for example:

next export -o public


GitLab Pages supports only static sites.
  1. Add the following to your nuxt.config.js:

    export default {
      target: 'static',
      generate: {
        dir: 'public'
  2. Configure your Nuxt.js application for Static Site Generation.


Update your vite.config.js to include the following:

// vite.config.js
export default {
  build: {
    outDir: 'public'


Update your webpack.config.js to include the following:

// webpack.config.js
module.exports = {
  output: {
    path: __dirname + '/public'

Should you commit the public folder?

Not necessarily. However, when the GitLab Pages deploy pipeline runs, it looks for an artifact of that name. If you set up a job that creates the public folder before deploy, such as by running npm run build, committing the folder isn’t required.

If you prefer to build your site locally, you can commit the public folder and omit the build step during the job instead.